Global ICA Status

The presentation of the material contained in the global map – simplified because of mere graphic reasons – do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ICA Overview

What is the ICA?

The ICA is a data-supported process to design better programmes

The ICA is a process of consultations supported by mapped-out data that produces a strategic plan describing where different combinations of programme themes are appropriate to achieve goals of reducing food insecurity and climate related shock risk.

The ICA combines multi-year food security trends with natural shock risk data to highlight sub-national areas where different programme strategies make sense. Food security trend maps shows areas where safety nets can address regular food insecurity, and others where shocks make recovery more important. Climate-related natural shock risk maps show where DRR, preparedness and early warning efforts can complement food-security objectives. Atop this core foundation, mapped data on subjects including nutrition, gender, livelihoods and resilience can enrich theme-level strategic planning in which all pieces work together. The full group of ICA partners discuss these analytical results to arrive at strategic programmatic directions.

The ICA’s key tangible outputs are an ICA Programme Recommendations paper that a describes a broad strategy agreed to by partners including the government, and arrived at through a consultative process, and a supporting an ICA Technical Paper containing maps and data as above.

The ICA is the first step of the 3PA

The ICA is the first step in the Three Pronged Approach (3PA), an innovative programming approach developed by WFP in consultation with governments and partners. The aim is to strengthen the design, planning and implementation of programmes in resilience building, productive safety nets, disaster-risk reduction, and preparedness. The 3PA comprises three processes at three levels:

  1. Integrated Context Analysis (ICA) at the national level. A collaborative tool used to identify the most appropriate programmatic strategies in specific geographical areas, based on areas of convergence of historical trends of food security and natural shock risk.
  2. Seasonal Livelihood Programming (SLP) at the sub-national level. A consultative process that brings together communities, government, and partners to design multi-year, multi-sectorial operational plans using seasonal and gender lenses.
  3. Community-Based Participatory Planning (CBPP) at the local level. A “from the bottom up” tool that ensures communities have a strong voice and lead in setting priorities. It supports multi-sectorial plans tailored to local priorities, ensuring community ownership
The ICA is a partnership between VAM, Programme and Emergency Preparedness

WFP’s VAM, Programme and Emergency Preparedness divisions have jointly developed the ICA methodology and associated products. These three divisions continue to collaborate as equal partners in supporting the ICA at Country Office level. Each is critical to ICA success; see the Who has what Role in the ICA section for details.

Why do the ICA?

An ICA supports strategic and evidence-based programmatic discussions and analyses by multiple stakeholders at country and regional levels and is designed to assist decision-makers (e.g., WFP, Donors, Government and other partners), as well as programme staff and analysts.

Through its use of historical trend analysis the ICA moves away from snapshot contextual analysis and helps identify areas for medium to longer-term programme planning, helps put short-term programmes in context while contributing to longer-term programme goals and strengthens programme planning for resilience building through food assistance. In addition, the ICA process:

  • Provides a framework within which existing and relevant food security statements and indicators can be used;
  • Underlines the value of using consecutive data;
  • Highlights data gaps and supports discussions to address data needs;
  • Identifies areas where more in-depth food-security/nutrition studies should be carried out;
  • Informs on additional areas for in-depth GIS data collection and coverage;
  • Flags linkages and areas for additional in-depth and targeted analysis by partners in general, and WFP programme staff specifically to inform SLP and CBPP work and support the implementation of appropriate programme activities;
  • Strengthens country and regional-level capacity to carry out additional thematic GIS vulnerability and preparedness analysis by providing clean and organised GIS datasets;
  • Informs and strengthens early warning, preparedness and logistics activities by helping prioritise and focus limited resources (e.g., inform ground logistic teams on best prepositioning of food or other stocks, in view of future hazards etc.).

How can I learn more?

You can download brochures, PowerPoints, and guidance manuals in the ‘Guidance” section below.

ICA Guidance

ICA Templates and Materials

WFP Emergency Preparedness & Support Response Division

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